SOURCES/SUGGESTED READING

Book Cover:

  • Picture from T. Irwin collection.

 

Tuatha De Aine:

  • “Ireland Before the Vikings” by Gearoid Mac Niocaill and “An Illustrated History of the Irish People” by Kenneth Neill.

  • Picture from T. Irwin collections.

 

Race of Heber:

  • “Ireland Before the Vikings” by Gearoid Mac Niocaill… “Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain.

  • “Celtic Gods, Celtic Goddesses” by R. J. Stewart… “Ancestral Map of Ireland” by Kane Strategic Marketing, Inc.

  • “Ireland in Pre-Celtic Times” by R. A. S. Mac Alister… “The Races of Ireland and Scotland” by W. C. Mac Kenzie… diagram constructed by T. Irwin.

 

Slioch Aine:

  • “Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain… “Lough Gur Journal.”

  • (Picture adapted by T. Irwin from pictures in “The Celtic Year” by Shirley Toulson).

  • “A Guide to Irish Roots” by William and Mary Durning.

 

Ui Ainy:

  • “Cattle Lords and Clansmen” by Nerys Patterson…“Ireland Before the Vikings” by Gearoid Mac Niocaill.

  • “Cattle Lords and Clansmen” by Nerys Patterson… “The Druid Tradition” by Philip Carr-Gomm.

  • “An Illustrated History of the Irish People” by Kenneth Neill.

 

The Ciarṁac:

  • “Ireland Before the Normans” by Donncha Ó Corráin… “The Annals of Ireland” by The Four Masters…”Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain… “The Druid Tradition” by Philip Carr-Gomm.  Ciarṁac picture from T. Irwin’s photo collection.

  • “The Celtic Tradition” by Caitlin Matthews… “The Druid Tradition” by Philip Carr-Gomm.

  • “Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain… ”Celtic Gods and Goddesses” by R. J. Stewart.

  • “Mythic Ireland” by Michael Dames.

  • “An Illustrated History of the Irish People” by Kenneth Neill… “Mythic Ireland” by Michael Dames.

  • “Celtic Gods and Goddesses” by R. J. Stewart…“The Celtic Tradition” by Caitlin Matthews.

  • “The Celtic Tradition” by Caitlin Matthews.

  • “The Druid Tradition” by Philip Carr-Gomm.

 

Ui Ciarṁaic (Eoghanacht Rule):

  • “Ireland Before the Normans” by Donncha Ó Corráin… “The Annals of Ireland” by The Four Masters… “Cattle Lords and Clansmen” by Nerys Patterson.

  • “The Annals of Ireland” by The Four Masters… “Early Irish and Welsh Kinship” by Charles Edwards.• “Ireland Before the Normans” by Donncha Ó Corráin.

 

Ui Ciarṁaic (Dalcassian Rule):

  • “The Annals of Ireland” by The Four Masters.

  • “The Annals of Ireland” by The Four Masters… “The Course of Irish History” by T. W. Moody.

  • “Irish Families” by Edward Mac Lysaght… “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe.

 

O’ Ciarṁaic (Norman Rule):

  • “Anglo-Norman Ireland” by Michael Dolley… “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe.

  • “Cattle Lords and Clansmen” by Nerys Patterson… “Irish Names of Places” by P. W. Joyce… “Keatings History of Ireland (Volume III) by Geoffrey Keating.

  • “Keatings History of Ireland (Volume I, II & III) by Geoffrey Keating.

  • “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe.

  • “Ireland Before the Vikings” by Gearoid Mac Niocaill.

  • “Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain...   “Heraldic Scroll of Ireland” by Mullins of Dublin… “Martin’s Irish Surnames Company”  by Robert Martin who sent me a “Page 67” of an unnamed book stating the Arms to be O’ Ciarṁaic.

  • “Clans and Families of Ireland” by John Grenham.   “The Celtic Tradition” by Caitlin Matthews… “A Social History of Ancient Ireland” by P. W. Joyce.

 

Ó Ciarṁacáin (English Rule):

  • “The Twilight Lords” by Richard Berleth… “Seventeenth – Century Ireland” by Brendan Fitzpatrick… “Ireland a Thousand Kings” by W. L. Weir … “Historical Essays on the Kingdom of Munster” by The Mac Carthy Mor, Prince of Desmond.

  • “A Genealogical and Historical Map of Ireland” by Heraldic Artists, Ltd.… “The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns” which was a government survey… “Hell or Connaught” by Peter Berresford Ellis … “Civil Survey of Ireland (1654 – 1656) which was a government survey.

  • “Civil Survey of Ireland” (1654 – 1656), which was a government survey.

  • “Census of 1659” (Index)…“Irish Families” by Edward Mac Lysaght… “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe.

  • “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe… “Regent Graphics” which is an Irish-American clothing mail order company which had an excellent explanation of Irish consonants, alphabet and pronunciation in its mail order brochure… “Irish Dialects and Irish-Speaking Districts” by Brian O’ Cuiv.

  • “Myth, Legend and Romance” by Dr. Daithi O Hogain (see Banshee entry).

  • Comment by T. Irwin and Map from “Hell or Connaught” by Peter Berresford Ellis.

  • “American Irish Political Education Committee” (newsletter dated June 1995)… “American Irish Political Education Committee” (newsletter dated June 1996 and December 1996)… “Irish Echo Newspaper (December 11 – 17, 1996 issue)… “Ireland” by Robert Kee… “The Great Irish Famine”  which is a school curriculum book approved by the State of New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education dated September 10,1996… “Land and Popular Politics” by Donald E. Jordan, Jr.… “ Griffith’s Valuation Survey” showing original old two acre parcels.

  • “Timeline Ireland” by Annabel Wigner.

 

Irwin (Rare Munster Surname):

  • “American Irish Political Education Committee” (newsletter dated March 1996)… “Irish Echo Newspaper (December 11 – 17, 1996 issue)…“American Irish Political Education Committee” (newsletter dated July 1990).

  • “The Tithe of Ireland” (1823-1838)… “Griffith’s Valuation” (1848-1864).

  • “Land Owners of Ireland” (1876), which was a government survey… “Special Report on Surnames in Ireland” by Robert E. Matheson. Map and data by Edward Neafsey, the author of “Surnames of Ireland.”

  • (Census of Ireland 1901).

  • “Special Report on Surnames in Ireland” by Robert  E. Matheson and Census of Ireland 1901.

  • Comment by T. Irwin.

  • (Griffith’s Valuation data plotted on map by Edward Neafsey, the author of “Surnames of Ireland”).

  • (A timeline compiled by T. Irwin).

  • Original map plotted by Edward Neafsey, author of “Surnames of Ireland,” and Irwin zone division and names inserted by T. Irwin based on data in books: “Special Report on Surnames in Ireland” by Robert  E. Matheson… “Irish Families” by Edward Mac Lysaght… “Irish Names and Surnames” by Fr. Woulfe.

  • (Census of Ireland 1891).

  • “Ireland Before the Normans” by Donncha Ó Corráin.

 

Ó Ciarṁacáin (Irwin) DNA and Haplogroup:

  • A Social History of Ancient Ireland by P. W. Joyce.

  • Europe Between the Oceans (9000BC – AD 1000) by Barry Cunliffe• Facing the Ocean (The Atlantic and Its People) by Barry Cunliffe

  • The Origins of the British by Stephen Oppenheimer

  • Saxons, Vikings and Celts (The Genetic Roots of Britain and Ireland) by Bryan Sykes• CRO-Magnon (How the Ice Age Gave Birth to the First Modern Humans) by Brian Fagan

  • The Brendan Voyage by Tim Severin• Ó Ciarṁacáin (Irwin) Modal (96 markers) compiled by T. Irwin

  • Close Matches (Munster people) who had a tradition of Munster origins and whose DNA printouts were near matches of T. Irwin’s (YSearch DNA Database)

  • New Klysov paper on R1b from central Asia via multiple routes.

  • Celticowboy.com/MRN4Al.htm

  • Website by T. R. Holme at OKOME-OKOME.SAKURA,NE.JP

  • KRGNZ.GIF celticowboy.com

  • IRELANDS dna.com

  • Family Tree DNA-OMahony Surname DNA Project (excerpt from Page 89 of “The Scots:  A Genetic Journey.”

 

Afterword:

  • Ireland Before the Normans by Donncha Ó Corráin (Pg. 75-77).

 

Final Note:

  • By T. Irwin.

 

Back Cover:

  • Hill of Knockainy from T. Irwin collection.